Difficulty to swallow is one of the first and more obvious signs. This happens when the cancerous growth has reached a size that makes it physically difficult to consume foods. Hoarse voice, seemingly inexplicable weight loss, enlarged lymph nodes, coughing and vomiting of blood are also frequent symptoms of the condition.
Despite both forms of esophageal cancer being different in nature, the list of their catalysts is pretty much the same. Excessive tobacco and alcohol use, frequent consumption of hot beverages and overall poor dietary choices are the leading causes of esophageal cancer.
To help avoid the development of esophageal cancer one should quit smoking. Another way to reduce the risk is too keep an eye on your weight. It is also strongly recommended to consume large quantities of cruciferous vegetables. Some additional cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli and brussels sprouts will not only enrich your meal but will also provide a constant supply of protective compounds. A well-known preventive measure is regular consumption of dietary fiber, which, although not a subject of extensive research, is thought to be particularly effective when it comes to adenocarcinoma prevention.
The situation is a bit different for individuals who suffer from acid reflux. A condition which, if left untreated, can lead to Barrett’s esophagus which, is often viewed as a precursor of esophageal adenocarcinoma. Acid reflux is often treated with drugs called proton pump inhibitors. This class of drugs includes lansoprazole (Prevacaid®), omeprazole (Prilosec®) and esomeprazole (Nexium®).
Although it’s known that individuals that suffer from Barrett’s Esophagus can lower the risk of esophageal cancer by using non-steroid drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen, the probability of serious kidney damage and stomach bleeding is often high. With potential implications such as these, it’s strongly recommended to seek professional advice to evaluate all the pros and cons.